The revelation that there are Three Persons in God is a Divine revelation. The Eternal God, the Alpha and Omega, the Omnipotent and the Omniscience God lives in communion with Himself – the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.

The Gospel of today (Jn 16:12-15), underscored the unity of the Blessed Trinity by stating that the Holy Spirit, promised by Jesus, will lead us to the complete truth and will also glorify Jesus by re-affirming the teachings of Jesus, which were sanctioned by the Father.

This revelation of God as a Trinity took a gradual process. In the past, our ancestors sought for God in shadows, rivers, sun, moon, stars, trees, artefacts and on land. For instance, Abraham was the worshipper of the moon god Nanna, before God revealed Himself to him and asked him to leave his native land of Ur of the Chaldees to the land of Canaan. These earlier religions of our ancestors are known as natural religion. St Paul insisted that, “since the creation of the world, God’s invisible qualities – his eternal power and divine nature – have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse,” for not believing in God. (Rom 1:20).

God later revealed Himself to the Israelites as the one true Eternal Presence: I AM. (Ex 3:12). With the incarnation and birth of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, the second Person in the Blessed Trinity, through the power of the Holy Spirit, the third Person in the Blessed Trinity, the inner life of the one true and uncreated God became manifest. We read in the Gospel of John that “in the beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God.” This Word took flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth. (Jn 1:1-14).

God, in living in communion with Himself, extends that communion to the world by creating the universe, the galaxies, our Milky Way, everything visible and invisible: air, spirits etc. We profess in the Nicene Creed that, “I believe in God the Father almighty creator of heaven and earth, of things visible and invisible.” God the Father created the universe through the Son and in the Holy Spirit. Genesis 1:1-3 presented us with a rudimentary form of the Trinity.

It stated that in the beginning God created the heaven and the earth; God’s Spirit hovered over the waters, and “God said, let there be light”. Here we see God the Father, God the Spirit, and God the Word depicted. To restore again the glory of human beings who were created in God’s image and whose glory have been distorted by sin, God the Father sent his Eternal Begotten Son through the power of the Holy Spirit to redeem the world. To ensure that we remain in the state of grace God the Father and the Son left their Eternal Holy Spirit with us, (Pentecost).

At times we may struggle with our faith or find it very difficult to articulate the mystery of the Most Holy Trinity. Some priests, bishops and laity have also struggled with the doctrine in the past and this has caused disagreements in the Church.

Just like the first Council in Jerusalem (Acts 15:1-29), in which the apostles and Elders affirmed that one becomes a member of the body of Christ through baptism and not some other Jewish cultural practices, Ecumenical Councils arose in the Church where bishops of the world would gather to discern faith and moral issues in the light of Scripture and Tradition.

The Council of Nicaea held in 325 AD, contrary to the teaching of Arius of Alexander that Jesus Christ was not God but created before all other created things, affirmed the divinity of Jesus Christ by stating that “We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, eternally begotten of the Father, God from God, Light from Light, true God from true God, begotten, not made, consubstantial, (of one Being), with the Father.”

Following disputes on the divinity of the Holy Spirit by Macedonians, the Council of Constantinople in 381 AD affirmed the divinity of the Holy Spirit. The Nicene Creed was then expounded to include not only a simple baptismal confession on our belief in the Holy Spirit but a Holy Spirit who is “the Lord, the giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son is worshipped and glorified, who has spoken through the Prophets.”

May the blessing of our Trinitarian God; the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit
come down upon you and remain with you now and forever. Amen

Fr Chinua Okeke CSSp

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